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《QUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGSHINIANBIANHUA(2000~2010NIAN)DIAOCHAPINGGUBAOGAO》

2016/6/25 8:13:45来源:发布者:

详细介绍

《QUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGSHINIANBIANHUA(2000~2010NIAN)DIAOCHAPINGGUBAOGAO》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《BAOGAO》)JINRIFABU。DIAOCHAPINGGUJIEGUOBIAOMING:QUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGCUIRUO,SHENGTAIXITONGZHILIANGHEFUWUGONGNENGDI。

  “全国生态环境十年变化(2000~2010年)遥感调查与评估”项目是经国务院批准,环境保护部和中国科学院于2012年1月启动的,目的是“摸清家底,发现问题,找出原因,提出对策”。

   TONGGUODIAOCHAPINGGU,JIBENZHANGWOLEQUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGZHUANGKUANGJIQIBIANHUAQUSHI、BIANHUADESHIKONGFENBUTEZHENGHECUNZAIDEZHUYAOWENTI,ZHAOCHULESHENGTAIHUANJINGBIANHUAJIWENTICHUXIANDEZHUYAOYUANYIN,TICHULEXINSHIQIWOGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDUICEYUJIANYI。

   DIAOCHAPINGGUJIEGUOXIANSHI,SHINIANJIAN,QUANGUOSENLIN、GUANCONG、CAODISHENGTAIXITONGZHILIANGZONGTIXIANGHAO,CHENGZHEN、NONGTIANSHENGTAIXITONGGEJUBIANHUAJULIE,SENLIN、SHIDISHENGTAIXITONGRENGONGHUAQUSHIMINGXIAN。NONGYESHENGCHANYUKAIFADAOZHIDESHUITULIUSHI、TUDISHAHUA、SHIMOHUADENGWENTIYIRANYANZHONG,CHENGZHENHUA、GONGYEHUAYUZIYUANKAIFADAOZHIDELIUYUSHENGTAIPOHUAI、CHENGZHENRENJUHUANJINGEHUA、ZIRANHAIANXIANSANGSHI、YESHENGDONGZHIWUZIRANQIXIDIJIANSHAODENGWENTIJIAJU。QUANGUOSHENGTAIANQUANXINGSHIYIRANYANJUN,SHENGTAIHUANJINGFENGXIANZENGJIA,SHENGTAIBAOHUYUFAZHANMAODUNTUCHU。ZHUYAOCUNZAIYIXIAJIGEWENTI:

   一是生态系统类型复杂多样,格局局部变化剧烈森林、湿地生态系统面积有所增加,灌丛、草地、农田生态系统面积减少,城镇生态系统面积扩张迅速。

   二是生态系统质量低,森林与草地质量有所提高。森林、灌丛与草地生态系统质量为优等级的面积比例分别为5.8%、11.7%和5.4%。

   三是生态系统服务功能低,不能满足社会经济可持续发展要求。生态系统土壤保持、防风固沙和洪水调蓄功能有所提高,水源涵养功能无明显变化,生物多样性保护功能下降。

   四是生态环境脆弱,人工化加剧,生态环境问题依然突出。水土流失、土地沙化和石漠化等土地退化问题依然严重。生态系统人工化加剧,野生动植物自然栖息地减少。流域生态环境恶化,河流断流、湿地退化、生物多样性减少等问题突出。城镇无序扩张,人居环境恶化。海岸带变化剧烈,自然岸线长度减少,滨海自然湿地面积减少。矿产资源开发生态破坏严重。自然保护区、重点生态功能区等重要生态保护区域人类活动干扰加大。

   ZHENDUISHENGTAIBAOHUGUANLIMIANLINDEZHUYAOWENTI,《BAOGAO》ZHICHU,WOGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDINGCENGSHEJIBUWANSHAN、ZERENBULUOSHI,SHENGTAIBAOHUGUANNIANLUOHOU;ZHONGRENGONGJIANSHE、QINGZIRANHUIFU;SHENGTAIBAOHUZHONGZHANLVEGUIHUA,QUEFA“LUODI”JIZHI;SHENGTAIBAOHUYUHUIFUXIANGMUDUOTOUGUANLI,XIAOYIDIXIA;CHENGSHIJIANSHEYUGUANLIQUEFASHENGTAILINIAN;QUEFAHELIDESHENGTAIBAOHUPINGGUHEJIXIAOKAOHEJIZHI。

  对此,《报告》提出7点建议:

 落实生态保护新理念,完善国家生态保护策略

        LUOSHI“BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGJIUSHIBAOHUSHENGCHANLI、GAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGJIUSHIFAZHANSHENGCHANLI”DEXINLINIAN,SHIXINGZUIYANGESHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUZHIDU,XINGCHENGYUSHENGTAIBAOHUXIANGSHIYINGDESHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHI。

改革现有生态环境管理体制,落实生态保护责任

       JIAKUAITUIJINZIRANZIYUANZICHANSUOYOUZHEYUJIANGUANZHEDEFENLI,JIANLITONGYIDESHENGTAIBAOHUJIANGUANJIGOU,GAIBIANMUQIANANLEIXINGFENYAOSUJIAOCUOZHONGDIEGUANLITIZHI,QIANGHUADUISHENGTAIXITONGDEZONGHEBAOHUYUGUANLI。

明确“生态用地”类型,划定并严守生态保护红线,构建科学合理的生态安全格局

  DINGYI“SHENGTAIYONGDI”GAINIAN,MINGQUE“SHENGTAIYONGDI”LEIXING,ZENGJIASHENGTAIYONGDI,LIZHENGMIANJIZHANLUDIGUOTUZONGMIANJI50%YISHANG。

坚持保护优先,统筹区域重大生态保护与恢复工程,改变目前生态保护与恢复项目多头管理的局面

     JIANCHIBAOHUYOUXIAN、ZIRANHUIFUWEIZHUDEFANGZHEN,DUIRENGONGZAOLINZHONGCAODENGSHENGTAIJIANSHEGONGCHENGJINXINGKEXUELUNZHENGHEXIANZHI,JIANCHIYILINZELIN、YICAOZECAO、YIHUANGZEHUANG。

增强城镇和城市群生态功能,促进城镇化健康发展

  QIANGHUACHENGZHENSHENGTAIANQUANYISHIHEYAOQIU,YANGEKONGZHICHENGZHENWUXUKUOZHANGYUCHAODAGUIMO。ZAICHENGSHIQUNFAZHANGUIHUAZHONG,YAOTIXIANSHENGTAIYOUXIANYUANZE,YOUXIANQUEDINGSHENGTAIYONGDI、ZAIGUIHUACHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDI。ZAICHENGSHIZONGTIGUIHUAZHONGZENGJIASHENGTAIGUIHUAZHUANXIANG,JIANLIJIEYUEZIYUAN、LIYONGKEZAISHENGZIYUANHEXUNHUANLIYONGZIYUANDEJIZHIHEZHENGCE。

 推进流域综合管理,保障流域生态安全

  ZONGHEXIEDIAOLIUYUZIYUANHUANJINGCHENGZAILI、CHANYEBUJU、CHENGZHENHUAGEJU、SHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDENGFANGMIANDEGUANXI,TUIJINLIUYUZONGHESHENGTAIGUANLI。JINKUAIQIDONGZHANGJIANG、HUANGHE、HAIHEDENGZHONGDIANLIUYUSHENGTAIANQUANDUICEYANJIU,ZHONGDIANKAIZHANLIUYUSHENGTAIDIAOCHA、SHENGTAIFENGXIANPINGGU、SHENGTAIBAOHUYUJIANSHECUOSHI、NONGYEMIANYUANWURANFANGZHIDENGGONGZUO。

增强生态保护科技支撑,建立生态调查评估常态化机制 

       JIADAGUOJIASHENGTAIBAOHUYUHUIFUFANGMIANDEKEJITOURU,TISHENGKEJIZHICHENGNENGLI。

  WEILEJIAQIANGDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEBAOHU,JIEXIALAI,JIANGJINKUAIQIDONGQUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGDIAOCHAPINGGU(2011~2015NIAN),BINGJIJITUIJINDIAOCHAPINGGUCHENGGUOYINGYONG。

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